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Archive for April, 2011

Yurt

yurt (üi or kiz üi in Kazakh, ger in Mongolian) is a portable, felt-covered, wood lattice-framed dwelling structure traditionally used by nomads mostly known as mongolians in the steppes of Central Asia. A yurt is more home-like than a tent in shape and build, with thicker walls.

Etymology and synonyms

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A yurt in ShymkentKazakhstan, used as a café.

The word yurt is originally from a Turkic word referring to the imprint left in the ground by a moved yurt, and by extension, sometimes a person’s homeland, kinsmen, or feudal appanage. The term came to be used in reference to the physical tent-like dwellings only in other languages. In modern Turkish the word “yurt” is used as the synonym of homeland. In Russian the structure is called “yurta” (юрта), whence the word came into English.

The Kazakh word used for yurt is киіз үй (transliterated: kïiz üy), and means “felt house”. The Kyrgyz term is боз үй (transliterated: boz üy), meaning “grey house”, because of the color of the felt. In Turkmenthe term is both ak öý and gara öý, literally “white house” and “black house”, depending on its luxury and elegance. In Mongolian it is called a ger (гэр / ᠭᠡᠷ᠌). Afghans call them “Kherga”/”Jirga“. In Pakistan it is also known as gher (گھر). In Hindi, it is called ghar (घर), which means home. In Persian yurt is called xeyme (خیمه), in Tajik the names are yurt, xona-i siyoh, xayma (юрт, хонаи сиёҳ, хайма).

Construction

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A Mongolian yurt

Traditional yurts consist of a circular wooden frame carrying a felt cover. The felt is made from the wool of the flocks of sheep that accompany the pastoralists. The timber to make the external structure is not to be found on the treeless steppes, and must be obtained by trade in the valleys below.

The frame consists of one or more lattice wall-sections, a door-frame, roof poles and a crown. Some styles of yurt have one or more columns to support the crown. The (self-supporting) wood frame is covered with pieces of felt. Depending on availability, the felt is additionally covered with canvas and/or sun-covers. The frame is held together with one or more ropes or ribbons. The structure is kept under compression by the weight of the covers, sometimes supplemented by a heavy weight hung from the center of the roof. They vary regionally, with straight or bent roof-poles, different sizes, and relative weight.

A yurt is designed to be dismantled and the parts carried on camels or yaks to be rebuilt on another site.

Mongolian yurt: starting with walls and door

Mongolian yurt: starting to place roof poles

Mongolian yurt: with roof poles in place

Mongolian yurt: placing the thin inner cover on the roof

Mongolian yurt: adding felt cover

Mongolian yurt: adding the outer cover

Mongolian yurt: tying off the covers and completing the structure

Symbolism

In Central Asia

shangyrak

Kazakh coat of arms

Kyrgyz flag

The wooden crown of the yurt (Mongolian: тооно, [tɔːn]; Kazakh: шаңырақ[ʃɑɴərɑ́q]; Kyrgyz: түндүк [tyndýk]; Turkmen: tüýnük) is itself emblematic in many Central Asian cultures. In old Kazakh communities, the yurt itself would often be repaired and rebuilt, but the shangrak would remain intact, passed from father to son upon the father’s death. A family’s length of heritage could be measured by the accumulation of stains on the shangrak from decades of smoke passing through it. A stylized version of the crown is in the center of the coat of arms of Kazakhstan, and forms the main image on the flag of Kyrgyzstan.

Today the yurt is seen as a nationalistic symbol among many Central Asian groups, and as such, yurts may be used as cafés (especially those specialising in traditional food), museums (especially relating to national culture), and souvenir shops.

Buddhist symbolism in the Mongolian yurts

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Buddhist symbol dharmachakra is represented by the khorlo (Tib: འཀོར་ལོ།) toono. Other Buddhist symbols–khadag(Tib: ཁ་བཏགས་) hangs from the toono and dpaljibeu (Tib: དཔལ་གྱི་བེའུ) is present on the stove

The design of the Mongolian yurt developed from its ancient simple forms to actively integrate with Buddhist culture. The crown—toono adopted the shape of Dharmachakra. The earlier style of toono, nowadays more readily found in Central Asian yurts, is called in Mongolia “sarkhinag toono” while the toono representing Buddhist dharmachakra is called “khorlo” (Tibetan འཀོར་ལོ།) toono. Also the shapes, colours and ornaments of the wooden elements—toono, pillars and poles of the Mongolian yurt are in accord with the artistic style found in Buddhist monasteries of Mongolia. Such yurts are called “uyangiin ger” — literally meaning “yurt of lyrics” or “yurt of melodies”.

Western yurts

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A yurt-derived structure in the Colorado mountains

Enthusiasts in other countries have taken the visual idea of the yurt—a round, semi-permanent tent—and have adapted it to their cultural needs. Although those structures may be copied to some extent from the originals found in Central Asia, they often have some different features in their design that adapt them to different climate and use.

In the United States and Canada, yurts are made using hi-tech materials. They are highly engineered and built for extreme weather conditions. In addition, erecting one can take days and they are not intended to be moved often. These North American yurts are better named yurt derivations, as they are no longer round felt homes that are easy to mount, dismount and transport. North American yurts and yurt derivations were pioneered by William Coperthwaite in the 1960s, after he was inspired to build them by an article about Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas‘ visit to Mongolia.[1]

In 1978, Oregon-based company Pacific Yurts became the first to manufacture yurts using architectural fabrics and structural engineering, paving the way for yurts to become popular attractions at ski resorts and campgrounds.[2] In 1993, Oregon became the first state to incorporate yurts into its Parks Department as year round camping facilities. Since then, at least 17 other US States have introduced yurt camping into their own parks departments.[3]

In Europe, a closer approximation to the Mongolian and Central Asian yurt is in production in several countries. These tents use local hardwood, and often are adapted for a wetter climate with steeper roof profiles and waterproof canvas. In essence they are yurts, but some lack the felt cover that is present in traditional yurt.

Different groups and individuals use yurts for a variety of purposes, from full-time housing to school rooms. In some provincial parks in Canada, and state parks in several US states, permanent yurts are available for camping.

See also

References

  1. ^ Article at Alternatives Magazine on North American Yurts, webpage, retrieved February 9, 2006
  2. ^ Article at Yurtinfo.org on Yurt History, webpage, retrieved December 08, 2010
  3. ^ Article at Midwest Weekends on Yurt Camping, webpage, retrieved December 08, 2010

External links

Connect to maplesweet.com, e-mail info@maplesweet.com or call toll-free 1-800-525-7965 to consider building a yurt in Vermont, list your property, arrange for showings, or look further into Vermont’s real estate market.

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Thank you for connecting to Maple Sweet Real Estate’s blog, Light Amber.
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Vermont Required Consumer Information Disclosure: please note Vermont  real estate agencies represent Sellers directly or indirectly by default. Buyer representation can be gained for properties not already listed by Maple Sweet Real Estate. To better understand the merits of or arrange for buyer representation, please email or call for further details.
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If your property is already listed for sale with another real estate agency, this is not intended as a solicitation of that agency’s listing.

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This article is from realtor.org and comes at a time with appraisers and realtors providing comparable sales face downward pressure from a host of short sales and foreclosures.

Should residential appraisals use distress sales as comparables? It’s a thorny question that some states are weighing.

In a recent Realty Times article, the author notes that in a normal market using distress sales as comparables is often viewed as inappropriate because such sales are unusual and do not represent the standard market.

However, nowadays in many markets, distress sales may comprise 30 percent to 40 percent of current sales activity and may be impossible to ignore.

Equity in the Balance

Four states are considering laws that would affect how appraisers should consider the sale of distressed properties. Here’s a breakdown of legislation those states are considering:

Illinois: A proposed law says that an appraiser may not “use as a comparable sale the sale price for a residential property that was sold at a judicial sale at any time within 12 months after the date of the judicial sale… .” The Illinois law would sunset after five years, according to the Realty Times article.

Missouri: Legislation says that appraisers must comply with the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (USPAP), but not in cases when a property has been foreclosed. “An appraiser shall not utilize the foreclosure price as a comparable property when developing an appraisal,” the legislation states.

Maryland: The proposed law is somewhat vague, but it says in cases of duress or unusual circumstances “such as a foreclosure sale or short sale,” the appraiser is to “consider” the property’s history (e.g. whether it’s being sold at auction or as a short sale) and “consider” the seller’s motivation, such as if the home owner was seeking to avoid foreclosure.

Nevada: A pending law covers both short sales and foreclosures: “Except as otherwise required by federal law or regulation, an appraiser shall not include as a comparable sale in an appraisal a short sale or a sale of property which was the subject of a foreclosure sale.”

Appraisers are required to comply with the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice guidelines for weighing comparables in federal transactions, which “mandates that appraisers must analyze such comparable sales as are available. Further, the standard cannot be voided by a state or local government.” That said, a recent article at Appraiser News Online raises the issue that appraisers have a difficult decision to make when their state has different regulations than USPAP when it comes to weighing distressed sales.

Source: “Should Distress Sales Be Used as Comparables?” Realty Times (April 5, 2011)

Connect to maplesweet.com, e-mail info@maplesweet.com or call toll-free 1-800-525-7965 to list your property, arrange for showings, or look further into Vermont’s real estate market.

…..
Thank you for connecting to Maple Sweet Real Estate’s blog, Light Amber.
…..
Vermont Required Consumer Information Disclosure: please note Vermont  real estate agencies represent Sellers directly or indirectly by default. Buyer representation can be gained for properties not already listed by Maple Sweet Real Estate. To better understand the merits of or arrange for buyer representation, please email or call for further details.
…..
If your property is already listed for sale with another real estate agency, this is not intended as a solicitation of that agency’s listing.


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